What is environmental sustainability

Environmental sustainability preserves resources for a balanced future. Find out how companies and individuals can act daily.

Raquel Medeiros


Raquel Medeiros


November 28, 2023

Sustainability applied in personal and corporate planning

Environmental sustainability refers to the ability to preserve, protect and use natural resources in a way that guarantees their long-term availability, without compromising ecological balance, biodiversity and natural systems. It involves the responsible management of natural resources, the minimization of negative environmental impacts and the development of practices that promote the health of the planet.

Some key principles of environmental sustainability include:

  • Resource Conservation: Efficient and responsible use of natural resources, avoiding waste and excessive exploitation.
  • Biodiversity Preservation: Protection of the variety of life on Earth, including plants, animals and ecosystems, to maintain the stability of natural systems.
  • Reducing the Ecological Footprint: Minimizing the environmental impact of human activities, considering aspects such as water consumption, energy, carbon emissions and waste generation.
  • Sustainable Development: Search for practices that meet present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Environmental Education: Raising awareness and educating the population about environmental issues to promote behavior change and the adoption of more sustainable practices.
  • Technological Innovation: Development and implementation of technologies that help solve environmental problems and promote efficiency in the use of resources.

Environmental sustainability is an interdisciplinary concept that involves not only conscious environmental practices, but also social and economic considerations. It is a global goal that requires the cooperation of governments, businesses, communities and individuals to address environmental challenges and create a more sustainable future.

What is the difference between sustainability and environmental sustainability?

"Sustainability" and "environmental sustainability" are related terms, but the former is more comprehensive, while the latter is a specific subcategory within the broader context of sustainability. Let's explore the differences:


  • Definition : Sustainability refers to the ability to meet present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Scope: Goes beyond the environment and includes social and economic considerations. It is about balancing environmental, social and economic aspects to create a system that is durable in the long term.
  • Triple Pillar: It is often associated with the "triple pillar of sustainability", which includes the environmental, social and economic pillars.

Environmental Sustainability:

  • Definition: Environmental sustainability is a part of sustainability that focuses specifically on the preservation and responsible use of natural resources, the conservation of biodiversity, and the minimization of negative environmental impacts.
  • Environmental Focus: Places greater emphasis on the environmental aspects of sustainable development, such as managing natural resources, protecting ecosystems and reducing the ecological footprint.
  • Ecosystems: Includes concern for the health of ecosystems and the maintenance of ecological balance.

In summary, while sustainability encompasses a broader approach, considering social, economic and environmental aspects, environmental sustainability is more specific and focuses mainly on preserving the environment. Both concepts are interconnected, and the holistic approach to sustainability seeks to balance all these dimensions to promote lasting and equitable development.

Examples sustainability and environmental sustainability

Let's explore examples of sustainability and environmental sustainability applications to highlight their differences:


Circular Economy: A business model that promotes the recycling and reuse of materials, thus minimizing waste production.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): A company that invests in social programs, such as education and health for local communities, in addition to adopting responsible environmental practices in its operations.

Sustainable Development in Communities: A development project in a community that incorporates sustainable practices such as building energy-efficient housing, waste management systems and promoting sustainable agriculture.

Environmental Sustainability:

Renewable Energy: Invest in renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind, to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Biodiversity Conservation: Establish conservation areas to protect ecosystems and natural habitats, contributing to the preservation of biodiversity.

Sustainable Management of Water Resources: Implement water management practices that aim to conserve and protect water resources, such as rainwater capture, water reuse and efficient technologies.


  • Environmental Sustainability is Specific: While sustainability addresses a wide range of issues, environmental sustainability focuses specifically on preserving the environment and sustainably managing natural resources.
  • Scope of Sustainability: Sustainability covers the environmental, social and economic pillars, while environmental sustainability mainly highlights the environmental pillar.
  • Interconnected Examples: Examples of environmental sustainability are often interconnected with broader sustainability practices. For example, a sustainable development project in a community may involve social (education) and environmental (waste management) aspects.

Both concepts are interdependent and work together to create a balanced system that meets present needs without compromising future generations.

Aplicando hábitos sustentáveis em empresas

Apply sustainable habits in your daily life

Both companies and individuals can play a significant role in promoting environmental sustainability in their daily lives . Here are some practices and actions that can be adopted:


  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA):
  • Carry out LCA of products to understand and reduce environmental impacts at all stages, from production to disposal.
  • Energy Efficiency:
  • Invest in technologies and practices that improve energy efficiency, such as LED lighting, energy efficient equipment and renewable sources.
  • Waste Management:
  • Implement recycling and waste reduction programs, promoting the reuse and recycling of materials.
  • Sustainable Purchasing:
  • Prioritize suppliers and materials that follow sustainable and ethical practices.
  • Sustainable Transport:
  • Offer incentives for the use of sustainable transportation, such as carpooling, bicycles or electric vehicles.
  • Employee Engagement:
  • Involve employees in sustainability initiatives and promote an organizational culture focused on environmental responsibility.
  • Sustainability Reports:
  • Publish transparent reports on sustainable practices, goals and progress, demonstrating commitment to environmental responsibility.


  • Reduction in Energy Consumption:
  • Turn off electronic devices when not in use and use low-energy light bulbs.
  • Sustainable Mobility:
  • Choose more sustainable transport, such as walking, cycling, using public transport or electric vehicles.
  • Reducing Water Waste:
  • Fix leaks, use water-efficient devices, and adopt conscious practices in daily water use.
  • Recycling:
  • Separate recyclable waste, reduce waste and recycle materials whenever possible.
  • Conscious Consumer Choices:
  • Prefer local, organic and sustainable products, avoiding packaging and disposable waste.
  • Awareness and Education:
  • Stay informed about environmental issues and share knowledge with friends and family to promote awareness.
  • Community Engagement:
  • Participate in local sustainability initiatives and encourage the community to adopt more sustainable practices.

Both companies and individuals play crucial roles in promoting environmental sustainability. By incorporating sustainable practices into everyday life, it is possible to contribute to preserving the environment and creating a positive impact in the long term.


The search for sustainability, both environmentally and in a broader context, emerges as a global imperative in the face of the environmental challenges that society faces. Environmental sustainability, focused on preserving the environment and responsible management of natural resources, stands out as a crucial part of the broader sustainability paradigm, which also embraces social and economic dimensions.

Companies play a fundamental role in adopting sustainable practices in their operations, from assessing the life cycle of products to promoting energy efficiency and responsible waste management. Employee engagement and transparent reporting reinforce organizational commitment to environmental responsibility.

Individually, each person can contribute by adopting everyday practices that promote sustainability, such as conscious consumption choices, reducing water waste and recycling. Sustainable mobility, preference for local products and awareness of environmental issues are important foundations for a sustainable lifestyle.

The interconnection between business and individual efforts is evident, forming a robust network of actions that aims to balance the sustainability triangle. Awareness, education and community engagement emerge as powerful instruments in building a global culture that prioritizes sustainable practices.

Thus, by integrating sustainability into our companies and daily lives, we contribute to a more equitable and resilient future, where present needs are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own demands. The journey towards sustainability is a collective commitment that shapes our present and charts the course for a more sustainable and harmonious tomorrow.

You can take the first step by exchanging your printed business card for a digital business card. Download the ClickCard app ( Android It is iOS ) and create a card now for you and your entire company ( or contact our team ).

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